Microsoft PowerPoint is one of today’s most powerful applications designed for preparing and conducting presentations. Presentations can be used in the process of teaching, conducting lessons and classroom hours, etc. Presentations are an excellent means of transferring knowledge. They are much more effective than ordinary paper or electronic documents, since associative thinking is included in the process of perceiving the material.
PowerPoint is a program that allows you to get amazing results, and at the same time it is easy to use, because it does a huge amount of work instead of us. Being an integral part of the Microsoft Office suite, this application has a number of characteristics that are common to Office components and open the way to completely new and bottomless horizons of functionality. Presentations created in this program can be used as electronic manuals, without fear that it will be boring and uninteresting. Because by adding drawings, tables and other colorfully designed special effects, slide demonstrations turn into a powerful learning tool, and turn even the most passive listener into an active participant in the presentation.
During the development of the electronic manual, the following principles of the development of educational presentations were identified: Optimal volume. Observations show that the most effective visual series is no more than 8-20 slides. The visual series of a larger number of slides causes fatigue, distracts from the essence of the phenomena being studied.
In this egard, there is a problem of selecting material for the presentation, there should be no “extra” slides that are not accompanied by an explanation. It is necessary to exclude duplicate, similar slides.
Availability. It is mandatory to take into account the age characteristics and the level of training of students. It is necessary to provide an understanding of the meaning of each word, sentence, concept, to disclose them, based on the knowledge and experience of students, to use figurative comparisons.
Variety of forms. This requirement presupposes the implementation of an individual approach to the student, taking into account the individual possibilities of perception of the proposed educational material in terms of complexity, volume, content. Different people, due to their individual characteristics, perceive the information presented in different ways most well. Someone perceives photos better, someone perceives diagrams or tables, etc.
Taking into account the peculiarities of perception of information from the screen. In educational presentations, it is desirable to reduce textual information to a minimum, replacing it with diagrams, diagrams, drawings, photographs, animations, fragments of films.
The ratio of the number of different elements of the presentation and their sequence is very important.
It is necessary to alternate static images, animations and video clips. It would be more correct to use the surprise effect and diversify animation techniques. The PowerPoint environment is very convenient in this regard, allowing you to create quite interesting animations.
Entertaining. The inclusion of funny stories and cartoon characters in presentations enlivens the lesson, creates a positive mood, which contributes to the assimilation of the material and more lasting memorization.
Beauty and aesthetics. An important role is played by color combinations and consistency of style in the design of slides, musical accompaniment. The color design of the presentation should correspond to the chosen topic.
Dynamism. It is necessary to choose the optimal pace for the perception of the change of slides, animation effects.